How to Prune an Orange Tree


Get tips on how to prune an orange tree for improved fruit production, including when to prune and what tools to use.

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Oranges (Citrus sinensis) are a type of citrus fruit that is enjoyed around the world for their juicy, sweet flesh and fragrant peel. The orange tree is an evergreen that can grow to be over 30 feet tall, but most home varieties are grafted dwarf trees that only reach 10-12 feet in height. Grafted orange trees start bearing fruit 3-4 years after planting, and will produce fruit for 15-20 years or more with proper care. Pruning is an important part of caring for an orange tree, as it helps to shape the tree, encourage fruit production, and keep the tree healthy.

What You’ll Need

-Pruning shears
-A step ladder
-A tarp

Pruning Your Orange Tree

Pruning an orange tree is important to the health and vigor of the tree. Pruning also stimulates growth and encourages the production of fruit. The main purpose of pruning is to remove dead or dying limbs, as well as any diseased or damaged wood.

When to prune

The best time to prune your orange tree is in late winter or early spring, before the new growth begins. Pruning later in the season can interfere with the tree’s fruiting cycle.

How to prune

Pruning your orange tree is a necessary evil. While it may not seem like you’re doing much to help the tree when you cut away its branches, you are actually encouraging new growth and helping to keep the tree healthy.

There are a few things to keep in mind when pruning your orange tree. First, you should only prune during the tree’s dormant season, which is typically from late fall to early spring. Second, you’ll want to avoid pruning any more than one-third of the tree’s branches in any given year. And finally, always use clean, sharp pruning tools to avoid damaging the tree.

Once you’ve decided to prune your orange tree, there are a few different ways you can go about it. You can do what’s called heading back, which involves cutting away the tips of branches to encourage lateral growth. Or you can thin out the tree by removing entire branches, which opens up the center of the tree and allows more light and air to reach the fruit.

Whichever method you choose, be sure to make your cuts at a 45-degree angle just above a bud or branch. This will help encourage new growth in the right direction.


In conclusion, proper pruning of an orange tree will ensure that the tree is healthy and productive. Follow the tips outlined in this article, and you’ll be sure to have success in pruning your orange tree.

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