How to Grow the Haskap Berry
The Haskap berry is another unique berry that I recommend home gardeners have alongside the blue blueberries and the pink blueberries. In Latin, the Haskap plant is known as Lonicera Caerulea.
Sometimes you’ll see Haskap spelled in other ways such as Hascap, Haskaap and Hasukappu. The name is of Japanese origin.
The Haskap berry is growing in popularity and is touted as the newest super berry health food. It has greater health benefits than most other berries. Each big Haskap berry holds a powerhouse of antioxidants that are greater than that of both blueberries and cranberries.
The Haskap berry has higher levels of vitamins A and C as well as significant fiber and potassium.
Since they have these great qualities I decided to add two of them to my garden. This season the two plants were very small and didn’t produce anything other than a couple of flowers.
We also had a bit of a drought and dry spell here in the summer and one of the plants got sun scalded. So hopefully they’ll produce next season after they’ve had a year to recover.
It’s becoming more well known and the plants can be seen in the local nurseries. It produces an odd looking berry that looks like an elongated, misshapen blueberry.
But it’s not a blueberry at all, it’s part of a different plant family altogether that’s more closely related to tomatoes, snowberries and elderberries.
The berries that a Haskap plant produces are huge! They are much larger than blueberries.
Blueberries are of the vaccinium family and the Haskap berry is of the lonicera family.
Edible Blue Honeysuckle
This fruit bearing shrub is native to Siberia, Russia, Canada and Japan. It has been common in these places for centuries.
The leaves are opposite to each other and oval, ranging from 3 – 8 cm long and 1 – 3 cm wide. The leaves have a thicker texture than the regular blueberry leaf.
The Haskap has a sweet but zingy flavour that’s like a combination between a blueberry, raspberry and Saskatoon berry with melt in your mouth thin skin. It has very small undetectable seeds. It’s a totally unique fruit.
This plant likes an acidic soil just like a blueberry but it can handle a greater range of acidity levels. The Haskap will grow in soil that ranges from 5 – 8.5 pH.
The Haskap berry is a very hardy plant that is well suited to cold climates and long winters. The varieties from Saskatchewan are cold hardy to -45° C. Any climate that’s similar to, or warmer than the Canadian prairies will be suitable for the Haskap berry to thrive.
Gardeners in Alaska and the Northwest Territories will see good results even with their short growing season.
The Haskap shrub can grow up to 8 feet tall, but is usually 4′-6′ tall. A large mature shrub can produce up to 10 pounds of fruit each season. It should have regular late winter or early spring pruning to keep the size under control.
Pruning shears are the best tool to use, just trim the shrub in to the size and shape that you want for the space available and the spot you have it in. If it’s in a container then you can just trim it so it doesn’t get too top heavy.
The berries grow on 1 year old branches so cutting out older branches will encourage more new branches to grow and therefore the shrub will produce more fruit. It’s good to cut out the oldest branches, but only up to 10 – 15% of the total plant each year.
The berries are unusual looking and will attract the birds quickly. They will look ripe a solid two weeks before they actually are ripe and good tasting. Unripe berries will be green inside and the ripe ones will be a dark purple red colour inside. The berries are large and when ripe will often fall off of the plant on their own due to their weight.
The Haskap berry needs two plants of different varieties nearby each other in order to have optimum pollination and the best crop results. There are currently 5 varieties of Haskap:
- Indigo Series
- Aurora – Pollinator
The University of Saskatchewan is leading the way with Haskap development and is creating new varieties each season.
Boreal Blizzard and Boreal Beauty are due to be released in 2016. These two varieties have improved production, absolutely huge berry size as well as improved vigour.
Birds aka “flying berry destroyers” are a big fan of these berries too! You’ll likely have to buy some plastic mesh bird netting and do some bird-proofing of your Haskap berry plants.
The reflective scare tape or scare away disks that glitter in the sun will help to deter the birds from landing on your patch of berries. These tools work easily without harming the birds. The silver glittery material blows in the wind it catches the sunlight randomly and glints brightly.
It messes up the birds radar and it’s very difficult for them to see where to land. So they will fly off to find an easier branch to land on and will leave your berry plants alone.
Haskap berries can be used exactly the same way as other berries are used in both sweet and savoury recipes. They are great in everything from simple jams and jellies to ice cream and salad vinaigrettes to chutney and even wine. That’s a lot of delicious ways to get additional nutrients.
Do you grow the Haspkap berry already in your garden? Tell me what you think of it. How easy has it been to grow?