List of Tomato Cultivars

Sweet 100 Tomato - WikipediaHere is a list of just a few of the many, many tomato varieties available. Depending on your region you’ll be able to find these varieties an well as many others for sale in your local nurseries that are not listed here.

Check each of their growth characteristics individually as you choose them to make sure they’re suitable for your region. They all will have different days to harvest and space requirements. 

There are more than 3000 heritage and heirloom tomato varieties actively being grown around the world. There are somewhere around 15,000 known tomato varieties in total. There are so many varieties of seeds that you can grow several different tomato varieties at the same time and have a veritable feast of tomatoes in the summer.

There are two types of tomato that you might grow at home in the backyard. You’ll see the words Determinate and Indeterminate a lot with tomatoes. These are key characteristics:

Indeterminate vs DeterminateIf you have only a small space to garden, you’ll want to choose a tomato labeled determinate. This means that the plant will grow a finite number of buds and then stop growing new buds to allow the existing tomatoes to mature and ripen. This type of plant gives all of it’s harvest at once, usually within a span of a couple of weeks. The total height of a plant like this is 4′ or so.

If you have space and a larger plant will work, then choose anything labeled indeterminate. This type of plant will grow continuously until it’s killed by frost, sometimes growing to 8′ or 10′. It will make flowers, set fruit and ripen fruit continuously all season long. So you’ll have a consistent harvest for most of the summer.

Once fall is in sight, it’s best to trim off the newest branches that have flowers on them. This stops the plant from continuing to make new flowers and puts the focus back on the fruit that’s already there.

The “Days” column refers to how many days it will take for the the fruit to ripen, which is also how long you’ll have to wait to enjoy your delicious harvest! If you live in a cold climate then choose something with fewer days to harvest. 

Common Name Color Days Type Size Shape Growth
Adoration Red 70-80 HY Small Round Indeterminate
Airy Leaf Deep Red 75 OP Medium Heart Indeterminate
Beefstake Red 96 HL Large Round/Heart Indeterminate
Better Boy Red 70-80 HY Medium Regular Indeterminate
Black Krim Purple/Brownish 80 HL Large Round/Heart Indeterminate
Brad’s Black Heart Purple/Black 75 OP Med/Lg   Heart Indeterminate
Brandywine Pink 90-100 HL Large Round/Heart Indeterminate
Campari Red 70-80 HY Small Small Indeterminate
Cherokee Purple Brownish/Purple 70-80 HL Large Beefstake Indeterminate
Dad’s Sunset Yellow/Orange 78 HL Med/Lg Round Indeterminate
Dr. Wyche’s Yellow Yellow 78 HL Large Beefstake Indeterminate
Early Girl Red 63 HY Medium Better Boy Indeterminate
Garden Peach Yellow 70 HL Large Round Indeterminate
Micro Tom Red 50 HY Tiny Round Determinate
Neves Azorean Red Dark red 75 OP Large Beefstake Indeterminate
Orange Russian Orangy Red 78 HL Large Heart Indeterminate
Roma Red 70-80 HY Small Plum Determinate
Sprite Red 60 OP Small Grape Determinate
Super Sweet 100 Red 55-68 HY Small Round Indeterminate
Tiny Tim Red 45-60 HY Small Round Indeterminate
Vintage Wine Red w/gold 84 HL Medium Round Indeterminate
Yellow Pear Yellow 70-80 HL Small Pear Indeterminate

OP = Open Pollinated
HL = Heirloom
HY = Hybrid

Beautiful Heirloom Tomatoes
Credit: Recipe Geek

Open Pollinated generally refers to seeds that will “breed true”. When the plants of an open-pollinated seed variety self-pollinate, or are pollinated by another representative of the same variety, the resulting seeds will produce plants roughly identical to their parents.

Heirloom tomatoes (also called heritage tomato in the UK) are an open-pollinated, non-hybrid, heirloom cultivar of tomato. They are classified as: family heirlooms, commercial heirlooms, mystery heirlooms, or created heirlooms. They usually have a shorter shelf life and less disease resistance than hybrids.

Hybrid seeds (or plants) are a cross between two or more unrelated inbred plants. The two different varieties are cross bred, resulting in a seed that carries one or more favorable traits. Hybrid seeds are commonplace in commercial farming, especially to increase crop yields.

Leave a comment below and let me know about your experiences with growing tomatoes.

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